Exceptions to India’s wheat export moratorium will not only help Yemen, but also Indonesia, Bangladesh, the United Arab Emirates and Oman (via S&P Global). India could provide significant assistance to a region that has suffered from increased food insecurity following the outbreak of war in Ukraine.
The Associated Press (AP) explains that Russia and Ukraine together account for about a third of the world’s wheat and barley supply, about 70% of the world’s sunflower oil, as well as large amounts of corn in the world. In addition, Russia and its ally Belarus are the main suppliers of fertilizers, so boycotts and sanctions on the Russian market and blockades of Ukrainian ports by its Russia have had an impact on food supplies. around the world, especially in the Middle East, Africa and parts of Asia. According to Relief Web, Yemen has relied heavily on humanitarian aid for food since 2015 – much of it coming from Ukraine (according to Wilson Center) – and imports more than half of its wheat supplies from Ukraine and from Russia.
With an influx of wheat from India and a truce currently in effect between the warring factions (via the UN), the Yemeni people could get some temporary relief. However, if the war in Eastern Europe continues, the world could have many more food struggles on the horizon, with the AP reporting estimates of 181 million people at risk of hunger by the end of the year.