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India’s exports of processed agricultural and food products have grown at a sustained rate over the past decade, despite the challenges


Ministry of Commerce and Industry

India’s exports of processed agricultural and food products have grown at a sustained rate over the past decade, despite the challenges

Exports of products under the APEDA basket increased from USD 17,321 million in 2011-12 to USD 20,674 million in 2020-21

Exports of cereals (non-basmati, basmati rice and wheat) and livestock products represent an important part of APEDA’s export basket.

Posted on: Dec 31, 2021 12:19 PM by PIB Delhi

India’s exports of agricultural products and processed foods have grown at a steady pace over the past decade, despite several logistical challenges encountered in global commodity trade.

Exports of processed agricultural and food products under the Agricultural and Processed Food Export Development Authority (APEDA) basket reached USD 20,674 million (Rs 15.30.50 crore) in 2020-21 , up from USD 17,321 million (Rs 83,484 crore) in 2011-12, according to data from the Directorate General of Business Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI & S).

Non-basmati rice has become India’s main export commodity among the many exports of agricultural and processed food products in the APEDA basket, contributing almost a quarter of total exports in 2020-2021.

The three main products in APEDA’s export basket in 2020-2021 were non-basmati rice (23.22% share), basmati rice (19.44%) and buffalo meat (15.34% ) and these products together represent 58% of total shipments.

India’s non-basmati rice exports were valued at USD 4,799.91 million (Rs 35,477 crore) in 2020-21, with basmati rice exports coming close behind at USD 4,018.71 million (Rs 29,850 crore), followed by buffalo meat exports at USD 3,171.19 million (Rs 23). , 460 crore).

Benin, Nepal, Bangladesh, Senegal and Togo were the top importers of non-basmati rice from India in 2020-21. The main export destinations for basmati rice in 2020-21 were Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Yemen and United Arab Emirates. For buffalo meat exports, the main importing countries were Hong Kong, Vietnam, Malaysia, Egypt and Indonesia.

We continue to focus on building infrastructure to boost exports by focusing on clusters in collaboration with state governments, while taking into account the goal of Agricultural Export Policy, 2018 ”, said Dr M Angamuthu, President of APEDA.

APEDA has worked with state governments to implement agricultural export policy. Maharashtra, UP, Kerala, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Assam, Punjab, Karnataka, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Manipur, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, MP, Mizoram and Meghalaya have finalized the state specific action plan for exports while the action plans of other states are at different stages of finalization.

According to World Trade Organization (WTO) data, India’s agricultural exports reached USD 37,371 million in 2019 from USD 23,106 million in 2010, recording a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5, 49% over the past ten years. The CAGR of world agricultural exports was 3.11% between 2010 and 2019.

India’s share in world agricultural exports stood at 2.1% in 2019, up from 1.71% in 2010. However, India’s rank in world agricultural exports fell to 16 in 2019, against 17 in 2010, according to data published by the World Trade Organization. (WTO).

In terms of the share of the top ten products exported in the APEDA basket, there has not been much change over the past decade, although India’s exports have reached more countries across the country. world. The top ten APEDA exports in terms of share in 2020-21 were non-basmati rice (23.22%), basmati rice (19.44%), buffalo meat (15.34%), various preparations (3.84%), peanuts (3.52%), cereals Preparations (3.08%), Corn (3.07%), Wheat (2.66%), Processed vegetables (2.43 %), Processed fruits, juices and nuts (2.07%) and Cashews (2.03%).

In 2011-12, APEDA’s top ten exports in terms of share were Guargum (19.89%), basmati rice (18.60%), buffalo meat (16.56%), rice non-basmati (10.43%), peanuts (6.32%), corn (6.21%), cereal preparations (2.26%), fresh onions (2.07%), alcoholic beverages (1 , 76%) and processed vegetables (1.47%).

In 2020-2021, the top ten products in APEDA’s export basket represent more than 78 percent of total exports compared to 85 percent in 2010-11.

The top ten APEDA exports in terms of value during the period 2020-21 were non-basmati rice (USD 4,799.91 million / Rs 35,477 crore), basmati rice (USD 4,018.71 million / USD 29,850 Rs crore), buffalo meat (USD 3,171.19 million / Rs 23,460 crore), Miscellaneous preparations (USD 793.08 million / Rs 5,866 crore), peanuts (USD 727.4 million / Rs 5,382 crore), cereal preparations (USD 635.75 million / Rs 4,706 crore), maize (USD 634.85 million / Rs 4,676 crore), wheat (USD 549.7 million / Rs 4,038 crore), Processed vegetables (USD 502 million / Rs 3,719 crore) and Processed Fruits, Juices and Nuts (USD 428 million / Rs 3,173 crore).

The top ten APEDA exports by value during 2011-12 were Guargum (USD 3,446.37 million / Rs 16,524 crore), basmati rice (USD 3,222.31 million / Rs 15,450 crore), buffalo meat (USD 2,869.36 million / Rs 13,757 crore), non-basmati Rice (USD 1,806.03 million / Rs 8,659 crore), Peanuts (USD 1,094.25 million / Rs 5,246 crore), Corn ( USD 1,075.7 million / Rs 5,158 crore), Cereal preparations (USD 392.21 million / Rs 1,889 crore), Fresh onions (USD 359.36 million / Rs 1,723 crore), alcoholic beverages (304.4 million USD / Rs 1,459 crore) and processed vegetables (254.56 million USD / Rs 1,250 crore).

The increase in exports of processed agricultural and food products is largely due to the various initiatives taken by APEDA, such as organizing B2B exhibitions in different countries, exploring new potential markets through marketing campaigns. specific and general by product with the active participation of Indian embassies.

APEDA has also taken several initiatives to promote geographical indications (GIs) of processed agricultural and food products registered in India by organizing virtual meetings of buyers and sellers on agricultural and food products with major importing countries across the country. world.

In order to ensure flawless quality certification of products to be exported, APEDA has recognized 220 laboratories across India to provide testing services to a wide range of products and exporters.

APEDA is also helping to upgrade and strengthen recognized laboratories for export testing and residue monitoring plans. APEDA also provides assistance within the framework of financial assistance programs for infrastructure development, quality improvement and market development to stimulate the export of agricultural products.

APEDA organizes the participation of exporters in international trade fairs, which provides a platform for exporters to market their food products to the world market. APEDA also organizes national events like AAHAR, Organic World Congress, BioFach India, etc. to promote agricultural exports.

APEDA is also initiating the registration of packaging plants for horticultural products to meet the quality requirements of the international market. The registration of export units for peanut shelling and grading and processing units, for example, aims to ensure quality compliance for both EU and non-EU countries.

APEDA registers meat processing plants and slaughterhouses to ensure compliance with global food safety and quality requirements. Another key initiative includes the development and implementation of traceability systems that ensure the safety and quality of food in importing countries. To stimulate exports, APEDA compiles and disseminates various analytical information on international trade, information on market access among exporters and responds to trade inquiries.

TABLE: Trend in exports


Rs Crores

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Source: DGCIS, data on APEDA products



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