Operation Update Summary
The Population Movement Operation (PMO) completed its five years of operation in December 2021. This operation update is a comprehensive 5-year report for the period March 2017 to December 2021 reflecting the legacy phase of the PMO and serving as a means of transition to the new revised Emergency Appeal for 2022-2024.
The PMO is a response to the crisis of displaced people from Rakhine State in Myanmar who crossed the border into Bangladesh, today living in a congested camp of 903,019 people. The influx into Bangladesh peaked in August 2017, with the large number of displaced people affecting vulnerable Bangladeshis (also known as the host community) living in the area adjacent to where the camps were established – hence part of the response operation undertaken. by BDRCS and all other humanitarian actors is to help the host community as well. In this regard, interventions for camps and host communities aim to facilitate community resilience and social cohesion.
The main highlights of the period from July to December 2021 are:
The IFRC Emergency Appeal for the PMO has been revised for an additional three years (January 1, 2022 to December 31, 2024), reflecting a new phase of operations that aims to consolidate and scale up key interventions undertaken in the past, through a ‘care and maintenance’ approach. The revised appeal, together with a complementary operational strategy replacing the EPoA, was published4 in November 2021. It requests 79 million francs to support around 1 million people for three years, including a support requirement for 17,994 people relocated from the camp to an island. called Bhashan Char, as part of the Bangladesh government’s efforts to ease congestion in the settlement. Donor funding for the displaced Bhashan Char community will be channeled through a separate project code.
The second phase of the COVID-19 vaccination campaign for displaced people in the camp, which was launched on December 1, 2021, was completed on February 17, 2022, reaching a total of 342,377 people. This follows the first phase of vaccinations carried out in the camps in August 2021, for people aged 55 and over – a total of 33,386 people were vaccinated and then with a first dose. So far, 280,334 people have been fully vaccinated with two doses. During the vaccination campaign which was carried out in collaboration with the UN-led Intersectoral Coordination Group, six BDRCS health facilities out of 34 facilities (in 34 camps)5 were used for vaccinations. The BDRCS COVID-19 Response Operation is a separate operation from PMO and supported by the IFRC COVID-19 Global Appeal – BDRCS contributions to the vaccination campaign have been limited to human resources and the use of health facilities.
With IFRC support, BDRCS piloted the distribution of electronic vouchers to the camp community (displaced population), allowing them to choose their preferred non-food items from a list of standard and non-standard items, instead of receiving a standard package. This intervention (instead of cash grants which are denied by the authorities) included a trade fair in the campgrounds with stalls set up by selected vendors over a specific period, and it was well received by the targeted community. The “Shelter and household items” section of this report will provide more details.
In response to a cholera outbreak in the camp community, health authorities in Bangladesh launched a vaccination campaign in October 2021 with the support of WHO and the International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh. A total of 121 BDRCS volunteers were trained as vaccinators, within a team of 250, who carried out vaccinations – by mid-November, 97% of the camp population was fully vaccinated. BDRCS support for the campaign was funded through the CPM emergency appeal.
This operation update includes lessons learned outlined in the programmatic sections, while highlights of lessons learned from the DREF-supported fire response (operation concluded June 2021) are included at the end of this report. . The Cyclone Preparedness Program (CPP) alone, a major component of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) programming, undertaken through the EA, reached an estimated 993,199 people in camps and settlements. host communities between July 2017 and December 2021. In terms of other extended supports, approximately 361,749 IDPs and 86,014 host community were assisted through one or more of these interventions: health; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); shelter, basic needs; and protection, gender and inclusion (PGI). Beneficiary targets initially set for this emergency appeal have been met and exceeded due to several factors, including significant support provided to displaced people in the early days of this crisis (before areas where displaced people had refugees are organized into defined and structured camps) and because of the support provided to people displaced outside the BDRCS designated implementation areas in response to small-scale disasters such as cyclones, fires and floods.
As of December 31, 2021, the financial coverage of the revised emergency appeal (2017-2021) amounted to 58 million francs (70%) out of a funding request of 82.2 million francs. Expenditure for the period 2017-2021 amounted to 48.3 million francs (83%), while in 2021 alone around 14 million francs were spent.
The IFRC continues to seek the kind support of donors through this emergency appeal to enable the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society to continue to help meet the humanitarian needs of displaced people in Rakhine, as well as to the local community affected by the influx of displaced persons.