Summary of the operation update
On March 18, 2017, the IFRC launched its first Emergency Appeal (EA) to enable the delivery of assistance to internally displaced persons from Rakhine State in Myanmar and living in Bangladesh. Since then, and following the massive displacement of August 2017, the Emergency Appeal and Plan of Action (EPoA) have been revised six times to meet the changing needs of camps and host communities, and to support the capacity of BDRCS to respond to them. large-scale humanitarian crisis. The sixth review of the EA and EPoA was released on October 23, 2019. It targets a budget increase of CHF 82.2 million and an extension of the deadline until December 31, 2021, targeting 260,000 affected people. (around 200,000 displaced people living in camps and 60,000 people from host communities). The revised appeal focuses on:
• Ensure that residents of Rakhine and host communities continue to receive essential humanitarian assistance based on needs2 including shelter, health, psychosocial support, water and sanitation, preparedness services. disaster and protection. This implies a longer-term approach to programming that prioritizes the engagement of approximately 3,907 community volunteers3 among camp and host communities, and approximately 150 BDRCS4 volunteers in various interventions. This includes providing them with PASSA5 and PHAST6 knowledge and, as such, an understanding of the care and maintenance of shelters and WASH facilities; enable them to prepare for and respond to disasters, including by undertaking early warning action (EWEA); and receive and share knowledge and practices on community health and first aid, and psychosocial support, all of which contribute to building resilient communities, in accordance with the IFRC’s Resilience Framework: Bangladesh Population Movement Operation.
• Social inclusion initiatives by all sectors to address, reduce and ultimately end the systematic exclusion of individuals and groups in camps and host communities, while ensuring that access to resources and opportunities is as equal as it gets. These initiatives will particularly focus on investing in host communities that have become minority communities following the influx of displaced people from Rakhine.
• Capacity building of BDRCS to strengthen the effectiveness of support to affected communities
• Coordination and cooperation within the framework of the Single Window (OWF) of three response priorities (humanitarian action, preparedness and community resilience) and three enabling actions (strengthening of the National Society and its branches, coordination within the framework of the OWF approach and humanitarian diplomacy)
• Scenario considerations for longer-term interventions include repatriation of IDPs in Myanmar, relocation of 100,000-150,000 people from camps to an island called Bhasan Char, and natural disasters or epidemics affecting the camps and host communities. Until June 30, 2020, EE was 56.7% funded. From the start of the operation until June 30, 2020, the following people have been reached thanks to the planned sectoral activities:
• 286,792 people (Shelter)
• 177,050 people (Means of subsistence and basic needs)
• 300,000 people (Health)
• 108,243 people (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene)
• 139,607 people (Protection, Gender and Inclusion)
• 99,473 people (disaster risk reduction) of direct reach and 922,000 people in camps and host communities covered by DRR and preparedness messages
The IFRC is encouraging increased donor support for this emergency appeal which will allow the National Society to continue to contribute to the humanitarian needs of those targeted.